Neuropathy – Learn More:

  • Blázquez, C., Chiarlone, A., Bellocchio, L., Resel, E., Pruunsild, P., García-Rincón, D., Sendtner, M., Timmusk, T., Lutz, B., Galve-Roperh, I., and Guzmán, M. (2015). The CB1 cannabinoid receptor signals striatal neuroprotection via a PI3K/Akt/mTORC1/BDNF pathway. Cell Death and Differentiation22(10), 1618–1629. Retrieved from
  • Castelli, M.P., Madeddu, C., Casti, A., Casu, A., Casti, P., Scherma, M., Fattore, L., Fadda, P., and  Ennas, M.G. (2014). Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Prevents Methamphetamine-Induced Neurotoxicity. PLoS ONE9(5), e98079. Retrieved from
  • Fernández-Ruiz, J., Romero, J., Velasco, G., Tolon, R.M., Ramos, J.A., and Guzman, M. (2007, January). Cannabinoid CB2 receptor: a new target for controlling neural cell survival. Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 28(1), 39-45. Retrieved from
  • Fishbein, M., Gov, S., Assaf, F., Gafni, M., Keren, O., and Sarne, Y. (2012, September). Long-­term behavioral and biochemical effects of an ultra-­low dose of Δ9-­tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): neuroprotection and ERK signaling. Experimental Brain Research, 221(4), 437-48. Retrieved from
  • Jiang, W., Zhang, Y., Xiao, L., Van Cleemput, J., Ji, S.P., Bai, G., and Zhang, X. (2005). Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult hippocampus neurogenesis and produce anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects. Journal of Clinical Investigation115(11), 3104–3116. Retrieved from
  • Kim, S.H., Won, S.J., Mao, X.O., Jin, K., and Greenberg, D.A. (2006, March). Molecular mechanisms of cannabinoid protection from neuronal excitotoxicity. Molecular Pharmacology, 69(30), 691-6. Retrieved from
  • López Rodríguez, A.B., Siopi, E., Finn, D.P., Marchand-Leroux, C., Garcia-Segura, L.M., Jafarian-Tehrani, M.H., and Viveros, M.P. (2013). CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptor antagonists prevent minocycline-induced neuroprotection following traumatic brain injury in mice. Cerebral Cortex. Retrieved from
  • Marsicano, G., Goodenough, S., Monory, K., Hermann, H., Eder, M., Cannich, A., Azad, S.C., Cascio, M.G., Gutiérrez, S.O., van der Stelt, M., López-Rodriguez, M.L., Casanova, E., Schütz, G., Zieglgänsberger, W., Di Marzo, V., Behl, C., and Lutz, B. (2003, October 3). CB1 Cannabinoid Receptors and On-Demand Defense Against Excitotoxicity. Science, 302(5642), 84-8. Retrieved from
  • McDonough, P., McKenna, J.P., McCreary, C., and Downer, E.J. (2014, October). Neuropathic orofacial pain: cannabinoids as a therapeutic avenue. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 55, 72-8. Retrieved from
  • Panikashvili, D., Simeonidou, C., Ben-Shabat, S., Hanus, L., Breuer, A., Mechoulam, R., Shohami, E. (2001, October). An endogenous cannabinoid (2-AG) is neuroprotective after brain injury. Nature, 413(6855), 527-31. Retrieved from
  • Peripheral neuropathy. (2014, December 2). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from
  • Pryce, G., Ahmed, Z., Hankey, D.J., Jackson, S.J., Croxford, J.L. Pocock, J.M., Ledent, C., Petzold, A., Thompson, A.J., Giovannoni, G., Cuzner, M.L., and Baker, D. (2003, October). Cannabinoids inhibit neurodegeneration in models of multiple sclerosis. Brain, 126(Pt 10), 2191-202. Retrieved from
  • Sagredo, O., Garcia-Arencibia, M., de Lago, E., Finetti, S., Decio, A., and Fernandez-Ruiz, J. (2007, August). Cannabinoids and Neuroprotection in Basal Ganglia Disorders. Molecular Neurobiology, 36(1), 82-91. Retrieved from
  • van der Stelt, M., Veldhuis, W.B., Bar, P.R., Veldink, G.A., Vliegenthart, J.F., and Nicolay, K. (2001, September 1). Neuroprotection by Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, the Main Active Compound in Marijuana, against Ouabain-Induced In Vivo Excitotoxicity. The Journal of Neuroscience, 21(17), 6475-9. Retrieved from
  • Ware, M.A., Wang, T., Shapiro, S., and Collet, J.P. (2015, September 15). Cannabis for the Management of Pain: Assessment of Safety Study (COMPASS). The Journal of Pain. Retrieved from
  • Witting, A., Chen, L., Cudaback, E., Straiker, A., Walter, L., Rickman, B., Moller, T., Brosnan, C., and Stella, N. (2006, April 18). Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis disrupts endocannabinoid-mediated neuroprotection. PNAS, 103(16), 6362-7. Retrieved from
  • Woodhams, S.G., Sagar, D.R., Burston, J.J., and Chapman, V. (2015). The role of the endocannabinoid system in pain. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, 227, 119-43. Retrieved from
  • Xapelli, S., Agasse, F., Sardà-Arroyo, L., Bernardino, L., Santos, T., Ribeiro, F.F., Valero, J., Braganca, J., Schitine, C., de Melo Reis, R.A., Sebastiao, A.M., and Malva, J.O. (2013). Activation of Type 1 Cannabinoid Receptor (CB1R) Promotes Neurogenesis in Murine Subventricular Zone Cell Cultures. PLoS ONE8(5), e63529. Retrieved from
  • Zogopoulos, P., Vasileiou, I., Patsouris, E., and Theocharis, S. (2013, April). The neuroprotective role of endocannabinoids against chemical-induced injury and other adverse effects. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 33(4), 246-64. Retrieved from

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